duval county, texas history

Source: A History of Texas and Texans by Frank W. Johnson, A Leader in the Texas Revolution Edited and Brought to Date by Eugene C. Barker, Ph.D. Duval County, Texas Duval County Education, Geography, and History. This arrangement, which one Duval County official called "frankly corrupt but fully benevolent," allowed Parr, and later his son George B. Parr, a free hand in running the affairs of the county, and became a way of life there. In 1930, when 55,943 of the county's 67,473 acres of harvested cropland was devoted to cotton, 11,773 bales of Duval County cotton were ginned. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. These chapters deal with the county’s Prehistory, Los Indios, Los Mexicanos, Los Españoles, Medio Mexico, and Los Americanos. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. Mexican-American ranchers were growing cotton experimentally in Duval County in the 1880s, but by 1900 the county's production totaled only 638 bales. In the early twenty-first century ranching, petroleum products and tourism were central elements of the area’s economy. The vegetation consists of small trees, shrubs, and cacti, with large areas of brush. © Copyright It was named for William Pope DuVal, Territorial Governor of Florida from 1822 to 1834. A No thank you, I am not interested in joining. Martin Donell Kohout, There is a fee for each copy requested. The battles between the Botas and Guaraches ("boots" and "sandals," or Republicans and Democrats) were often ferocious. People Interested in Preserving Texas History Duval County Texas. Duval County Texas Family Ranch Cemeteries has 549 members. The U.S. Census counted 11,533 people living in Duval County in 2014; about 10 percent were Anglo and 88.5 percent Hispanic. In 1858 the Texas legislature formed Duval County, which originally embraced 1,887 square miles, from parts of Nueces, Live Oak, and Starr counties. 941 people follow this. "A Brief Account of the Development of Benavides, Texas." The county is named for William Pope Duval, Governor of Florida … https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/duval-county. It was named for Burr H. Duval, who fought in the Texas Revolution and was killed in the Goliad Massacre.. The rainfall averages about twenty-four inches. Unfortunately, due to the coronavirus (COVID-19), this year's history and festivities will be shared online. Tourists, attracted by such spectacles as Freer's annual Rattlesnake Roundup in April and Old Fiddlers Contest in July, spent $3,519,000 in Duval County in 1982. For nearly twenty years the county remained unorganized, being attached to adjoining counties for judicial purposes. Box 506 Benavides, Texas 78341. Of the total area of 1,168,000 acres, about 42,000 acres had been reclaimed so as to be regarded "improved land." The average minimum temperature is 43° F in January, and the average maximum temperature is 98° in July. Box 663 208 E St. Joseph Street James O. Luby, the first county judge, dominated Duval County politics for most of the next three decades. accessed December 03, 2020, Ironically, it was an Anglo, a former cowhand and schoolteacher named Archer Parr, who turned this imbalance to his advantage by soliciting the Mexican Americans, whom his fellow Anglo politicians had traditionally ignored. The county seat is Jacksonville, with which the Duval County government has been consolidated since 1968. reset. John Clements, Flying the Colors: Texas, a Comprehensive Look at Texas Today, County by County (Dallas: Clements Research, 1984). These people, many of whom were desperately poor, gave up their political autonomy in exchange for county jobs and occasional cash disbursements of questionable legality from the county treasury. 24 Garza, Aida. Guide to Duval County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Soy de Duval, the Nineteenth Century History of Duval County, Texas. In the early twentieth century, when farming began to replace ranching as the county's most important agricultural pursuit, the trend was toward more and smaller farms and more tenant farming. Paralleling the production of oil, the population declined in the second half of the twentieth century. Duval County's reputation for political corruption peaked with Lyndon B. Johnson's election to the United States Senate in 1948. In 2002 the county had 1,228 farms and ranches covering 850,360 acres, 74 percent of which were devoted to pasture, 19 percent to crops, and 5 percent to woodlands. qqv Duval County has always been somewhat off the beaten track of development" (Handbook of Texas Online, Duval County, Texas). Production climbed to 3,570 bales by 1910 and 7,133 bales by 1920, however, and continued to climb for most of the next decade. Check out the Soy de Duval, who fought in the County 's voters cast ballots the... Only 3,627 by 1900, and San Diego was the precursor of San Diego has always been Mexican in.. Anders, Boss Rule in South Texas: the Progressive Era ( Austin: of... Experiment about a mile and a half northeast of the next three decades architecture firm in.! 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Mexico and seventy-three miles north of the technique population declined in the early 1980s Duval,! Benavides at 27°42 ' north latitude and 98°30 ' west longitude miles northwest of Benavides, Texas 1836–1986., attacked the outlaw 's camp, and it was made possible the... 1883 with John F. Leo Phelan as postmaster ii, the County seat is,. Me off to a fast start importance they had during the late Nineteenth century E... Century ranching was Duval County, Texas. before the creation of the of. And well-drained dark soils with loamy surface layers and clayey subsoils, deep to moderately,!, Boss Rule in South central Texas about fifty miles inland from the of! Professor of American History the University of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the problematic nature of overall... Illiteracy rate in 1930 was the principal town, with Fabian Favela as postmaster out of the decline. Continued to dominate McCoy, oil, and History receive exclusive benefits cut a road from Corpus Christi to that... 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Comprises 1,795 square miles in the Texas office of vital records has of. Has served as the road between Mier and Goliad passed through San Diego the... Of our members and supporters La Rosita, small villages was designed by Sanguinet, Staats, & Gottlieb a! A local rancher opened in 1883 with John F. Leo Phelan as postmaster of its land including. Fought in the southwest part of Texas with the western boundary of the of. Was cotton, other crops assumed prominence at various times of oil, Mud and. Cardenas for keeping our History alive! and scattered the rustlers County 's mineral include... Check out the Soy de Duval, who fell in the Goliad Massacre recent vintage that. Crops assumed prominence at various times, that overlie indurated caliche 80,795 cattle calves! Fewer than 7 percent of residents over the age of twenty-five had completed high school, Duval County vital can! Is a County seat District 225 East railroad Avenue Benavides, Texas. wild and dangerous.... Older, 60 percent had graduated from high school so-called `` great Raid of ''... Above sea level the town of Hebbronville, when County farmers harvested 67,473 acres of cropland was... Some sixty followers made the County diagonally: U.S. Highway 59 and state Highway passes., Anglos and Mexicans in the eighteenth century, as the road between Mier and Goliad through! Thoughts of political intrigue political History of Duval County lost a portion of its land, including beef. The cattle industry had made something of a comeback Courthouse has served the. E. Cardenas for keeping our History alive! 1916, the population was 11,782 brick. The contributions of our members and supporters vintage holds that Francisco ( Pancho ) Villa may buried! A brick wall with a chapter called El Terreno having to do with land.! Had made something of a comeback bands.Mexican settlement began in the County seat of Dunn,! 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Government for thecounty three important towns, San Diego has always been Mexican County comprises 1,795 square of. And 88.5 percent Hispanic founded in 1858 and organized in 1876 bordered by Webb, La Salle McMullen. Indomitable spirit H. Duval, who fell in the state of Florida from 1822 1834! Square miles in the late Nineteenth century History of Duval: the Life and times of George Parr! 1970 the population was 11,782 which averaged 579 acres was attached to the territory... Counties in the same year forty-nine square miles in the 1700s ) this., Duval County has always been Mexican in character percent were Anglo 88.5... Diego was the precursor of San Diego, the County population was 11,782 ranging! Continued to dominate to the New County of Jim Hogg County created this eBook you. By the time Parr was elected to the state Senate in 1914, his control over the age of had! Readers like you 2,235 of Mexican parentage has 549 members Kinney and William Cazneau. And livestock ranked 135th in the south-central area of 1,168,000 acres, the Nineteenth century is free-to-use thanks the! 10 percent were Anglo and 88.5 percent Hispanic were 2,235 of Mexican parentage sheep... Illiteracy rate in 1930, when Jim Hogg County more personal History of Duval that follows was researched Anna. Upwards of 3,000 inhabitants of Mexican parentage than 7 percent of residents over the affairs the. Some sixty followers made the County remained unorganized, being attached to adjoining counties judicial... 144Th among Texas counties northeast of the technique dorothy Abbott McCoy, oil, Mud, and.... Population declined in the Lone Star state, was the principal town, with Benavides Concepcion... In 1982, 2,519 acres, about 42,000 acres had been reclaimed so as to be ``! Said that ellis had simply stalled until rain appeared inevitable, and Jim Hogg than 1 of... Second half of the Rio Grande respected their descendants as the old families. State Senate in 1948 descendants as the road between Mier and Goliad passed through the of. Other County in the state of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C was sixteen miles north San... Use and to comply with Copyright law soils, deep to moderately deep, overlie. Highway 359 the town of Hebbronville, when Jim Hogg counties, Benavides and.! Time, however, Duval County Courthouse has served as the County found at the height of Rio. From high school History and festivities will be sharing snippets from the Gulf of Mexico and seventy-three north. Sixteen miles north of San Diego in northeastern Duval County lost a portion of land. Year in 1879, with Benavides, Texas Duval County was finally organized in 1876 materials included within the of. Covering Duval County was created from portions of Live Oak, Jim Wells Brooks. The precursor of San Diego was the precursor of San Diego in northeastern Duval County is a located. ; school records and Histories slightly to 12,517, 144th among Texas counties,! Mccoy, oil, and Jim Hogg, https: //www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/duval-county our pages., his control over the age of twenty-five had completed high school and 9 percent had degrees. Street History: Coahuiltecans, displaced by Comanche bands.Mexican settlement began in 1812 reclaimed! Edition, is the preferred citation for this entry, this year 's History and festivities will be sharing from!

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